The Effect of PCMs in the Building Shell on Energy Consumption Storage

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Civil Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen Branch, Roudehen, Iran.

2 Department of Civil Engineering, Safadasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran,

3 Department of Civil Engineering, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran,



The performance of the building shell has a significant effect on the cooling and heating load of the
building. One of the things that have a significant effect on storage and improving thermal comfort
conditions are PCMs because they can store thermal energy in both tangible and latent thermal energy
in materials. The thermal performance of the building shell can be improved by using PCMs. The
purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of using four types of PCMs with different melting
temperatures and specific latent heat in the external and internal walls of the building on reducing the
energy consumption of the studied building in Tehran climate using building information modeling and
Energy Plus software. The simulation results show a significant reduction in heat transfer using PCMs
in the building shell and a reduction in annual energy consumption of up to 3.97%.


Main Subjects

1. Zecca A, Chiari L. Fossil-fuel constraints on global warming. Energy
Policy. 2010;38(1):1-3.
2. Wigley T. Could reducing fossil-fuel emissions cause global warming?
Nature. 1991;349(6309):503-6.
3. . Gilani H, Hoseinzadeh S, Karimi H, Karimi A, Hassanzadeh A, Garcia
DA. Performance analysis of integrated solar heat pump VRF system
for the low energy building in Mediterranean island. Renewable Energy.
4. Verbeke S, Audenaert A. Thermal inertia in buildings: A review
of impacts across climate and building use. Renewable
and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2018;82:2300-18.
5. de Gracia A, Cabeza LF. Phase change materials and thermal energy
storage for buildings. Energy and Buildings. 2015; 103:414-9.
6. Memon SA. Phase change materials integrated in building walls: A
state of the art review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.
7. Hoseinzadeh S. Thermal Performance of Electrochromic Smart
Window with Nanocomposite Structure Under Different Climates
In Iran, Micro and Nanosystems, 2019:11:154-164
8. Ahmadzadehtalatapeh, M., Khaki, S. Application of Phase Change
Material (PCM) for Cooling Load Reduction in Lightweight and Heavyweight
Buildings: Case Study of a High Cooling Load Region of Iran.
Journal of Renewable Energy and Environment. 2018: 5(2), 31-40.
https://doi: 10.30501/jree.2018.88632
9. Ebadati, V., Ebadati, N., Ebadati, M. Thermal analysis of insulations
used in the building shell with the optimization approach and reduction
of energy consumption. Journal of Energy Management and Technology.
2021; 5(4), 36-44. https://doi: 10.22109/jemt.2021.248609.1257
10. Mehling H, Cabeza LF. Heat and cold storage with PCM: Springer;
11. Kenisarin M, Mahkamov K. Passive thermal control in residential buildings
using phase change materials. Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Reviews. 2016;55:371-98.
12. Kosny J, Shukla N, Fallahi A. Cost analysis of simple phase change
material-enhanced building envelopes in southern US climates. Fraunhofer
CSE, Cambridge, MA (United States);2013.
13. Marin P, Saffari M, de Gracia A, Zhu X, Farid MM, Cabeza
LF, et al. Energy savings due to the use of PCM for relocatable
lightweight buildings passive heating and cooling in different
weather conditions. Energy and Buildings. 2016;129:274-83.
14. AlizadehKharazi, B., Alvanchi, A., Taghaddos, H. A Novel Building
Information Modeling-based Method for Improving Cost and Energy
Performance of the Building Envelope. International Journal of Engineering.
2020:33(11),2162-73 https://doi: 10.5829/ije.2020.33.11b.06
15. Alawadhi EM. Thermal analysis of a building brick containing
phase change material. Energy and Buildings.2008;40:351-7.
16. Kuznik F, Virgone J, Roux J-J. Energetic efficiency of room
wall containing PCM wallboard: A full-scale experimental
investigation. Energy and Buildings. 2008;40:148-56.
17. Ramakrishnan S, Wang X, Sanjayan J, Wilson J. Thermal performance
of buildings integrated with phase change materials to reduce
heat stress risks during extreme heatwave events. Applied Energy.
18. Panayiotou GP, Kalogirou SA, Tassou SA. Evaluation of the application
of Phase Change Materials (PCM) on the envelope of a typical
dwelling in the Mediterranean region. Renewable Energy. 2016;97:24-
19. Mi X, Liu R, Cui H, Memon SA, Xing F, Lo Y. Energy and economic analysis
of building integrated with PCM in different cities of China. Applied
Energy. 2016;175:324-36. https://doi.10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.05.032
20. Kenisarin M, Mahkamov K. Passive thermal control in residential buildings
using phase change materials. Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Reviews. 2016;55:371-98.
21. Nghana B, Tariku F. Phase change material’s (PCM) impacts
on the energy performance and thermal comfort of buildings
in a mild climate. Building and Environment. 2016;99:221-38.
22. Li D, Zheng Y, Liu C, Wu G. Numerical analysis on thermal
performance of roof contained PCM of a single residential
building. Energy Conversion and Management.2015;100:14756.
23. Jin X, Medina MA, Zhang X. Numerical analysis for
the optimal location of a thin PCM layer in frame
walls. Applied Thermal Engineering. 2016;103:1057-63.
24. Lei J, Yang J, Yang E-H. Energy performance of building envelopes
integrated with phase change materials for cooling load
reduction in tropical Singapore. Applied Energy.2016;162:207-17.
25. Darkwa K, O’Callaghan PW. Simulation of phase change drywalls in a
passive solar building. Applied Thermal Engineering. 2006;26:853-8.
26. ASHRAE, Standard 90.1-2013, Energy Standard for Residential Buildings
Volume 7, Issue 2
June 2023
Pages 93-102
  • Receive Date: 08 October 2021
  • Revise Date: 11 April 2022
  • Accept Date: 19 November 2022
  • First Publish Date: 07 January 2023